On View: Hot, Hotter, Hottest: 300 Years of New Jersey Ceramics

February 16, 2017 at 10:23 am 1 comment

69-133ac-1

The Grecian Vase, Lucien Boullemier and others for Trenton Potteries Company, Trenton, 1904. Slip-cast porcelain, enamel, clear glaze and gold paste. 55 1/2 h. x 23 dia. In. Gift of the Crane Company, 1969 69.133a-c; base a gift of the Crane Company and the Trenton City Museum, 2015 2015.4

Although the Newark Museum has been collecting New Jersey ceramics since 1910, there has never before been a permanent gallery devoted to this subject. On October 22, the Museum unveiled its first interactive display devoted to the history of pottery and porcelain production in New Jersey.

48-440-1

Dish, Phillip Durell, Elizabethtown, 1793. Slab-formed redware with incised decoration, applied slip and clear lead glaze, 13 3/4 in. dia. Purchase 1948, John J. O’Neill Bequest Fund 48.440

Hot, Hotter, Hottest refers to the three levels of heat needed to fire the three basic kinds of clay products for which New Jersey was long famous. Hot (2192˚F) is for earthenware, which includes the red clay vessels of the early 1800s and the white pottery dinnerware that poured out of Trenton in the 1890s. Hotter (2192–2372˚F) is for stoneware, the dense, non-porous material that can be grey or tan and has been used for everything from pickle crocks to fine art ceramics. Hottest of all (2372–2552˚F) is for porcelain, the refined, white, translucent material that was invented by the Chinese many hundreds of years ago. Some of America’s finest porcelain came out of New Jersey factories, gracing the parlors of the Gilded Age elite and the dining tables of American presidents since 1918.

More than 90 examples drawn from the Museum’s vast holdings are on rotating display in a specially designed gallery in the “House & Home” installation in the Museum’s 1885 Ballantine House. Included will be examples that exist in no other museum collection, such as the late 18th-century presentation piece by Phillip Durell of Elizabethtown in 1793. Such redware, decorated by carving through a surface layer of white clay known as slip (which turns yellow when fired under a lead glaze), is generally considered to be Pennsylvania German in origin. However, Newark’s plate shows that non-German New Jerseyans produced this ware for a wide market in Federal America.

The centerpiece of the gallery is the Grecian Vase, produced by the Trenton Potteries Company in 1904 for the Louisiana Purchase Exposition in Saint Louis, Missouri. The Grecian Vase was one of four monumental vases standing over fifty-five inches tall, each uniquely decorated by hand in gold and enamel. Three of these great vases have survived, and Newark’s vase has recently had its original base returned, after having been separated from it over a century ago.

Interactive touch screens highlight the Garden State’s national importance as a pottery and porcelain center.

— Ulysses Grant Dietz, Chief Curator and Curator of Decorative Arts

65-235_1

Beer mug, Belmont Pottery, Newark, 1882. Stoneware with cobalt slip decoration and salt glaze, 7 in. h. Gift of Helen M. Bairle, 1965 65.235

Advertisements

Entry filed under: Decorative Arts, Uncategorized. Tags: .

Life, Love, Death: The Ballantines at Home in Newark Behind the Scenes: Audubon and Bachman: Quadrupeds Of North America, 1849-1854

1 Comment Add your own

  • 1. GMO  |  February 16, 2017 at 10:54 am

    I like this exhibit very much, and the touch screens are very nice. Can’t say that huge Grecian vase is to my taste, but hey, that’s what museums are for!

    Reply

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

Trackback this post  |  Subscribe to the comments via RSS Feed


Join the Newark Museum blog page!

Join 234 other followers

Follow us on Twitter

Error: Twitter did not respond. Please wait a few minutes and refresh this page.

Newark Museum Flickr Photos

More Photos

Calendar

February 2017
M T W T F S S
« Jan   Mar »
 12345
6789101112
13141516171819
20212223242526
2728  

Archives


%d bloggers like this: